Atlas de Anatomia do Corpo Humano - Central

The atlas of human body

Chin
Chin

The anatomical frontal portion of the mandible, also known as the mentum, that contains the line of fusion of the two separate halves of the mandible (symphysis menti). This line of fusion divides inferiorly to enclose a triangular area called the mental protuberance. On each side, inferior to the second premolar tooth, is the mental foramen for the passage of blood vessels and a nerve.

Facial Bones
Facial Bones

The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)

Turbinates
Turbinates

The scroll-like bony plates with curved margins on the lateral wall of the nasal cavity.

Jaw
Jaw

Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.

Mandible
Mandible

The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.

Mandibular Condyle
Mandibular Condyle

The posterior process on the ramus of the mandible composed of two parts Temporomandibular Joint;

Alveolar Process
Alveolar Process

The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.

Tooth Socket
Tooth Socket

A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.

Dental Arch
Dental Arch

Maxilla
Maxilla

Palate, Hard
Palate, Hard

The anteriorly located rigid section of the PALATE.

Zygoma
Zygoma

Orbit
Orbit

Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.

Nasal Bone
Nasal Bone

Either of two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.

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