Atlas de Anatomia do Corpo Humano - Central

The atlas of human body

Menisci, Tibial
Menisci, Tibial

The interarticular fibrocartilages of the superior surface of the tibia.

Cartilage, Articular
Cartilage, Articular

Ligaments, Articular
Ligaments, Articular

Ligamentum Flavum
Ligamentum Flavum

The paired bands of yellow elastic tissue that connect adjoining laminae of the vertebrae. With the laminae, it forms the posterior wall of the spinal canal and helps hold the body erect.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Anterior Cruciate Ligament

A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.

Posterior Cruciate Ligament
Posterior Cruciate Ligament

A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the anterolateral surface of the medial condyle of the femur, passes posteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the posterior intercondylar area of the tibia.

Patellar Ligament
Patellar Ligament

A band of fibrous tissue that attaches the apex of the PATELLA to the lower part of the tubercle of the TIBIA. The ligament is actually the caudal continuation of the common tendon of the QUADRICEPS FEMORIS. The patella is embedded in that tendon. As such, the patellar ligament can be thought of as connecting the quadriceps femoris tendon to the tibia, and therefore it is sometimes called the patellar tendon.

Longitudinal Ligaments
Longitudinal Ligaments

Two extensive fibrous bands running the length of the vertebral column. The anterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale anterius; lacertus medius) interconnects the anterior surfaces of the vertebral bodies; the posterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale posterius) interconnects the posterior surfaces. The commonest clinical consideration is OSSIFICATION OF POSTERIOR LONGITUDINAL LIGAMENT. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Collateral Ligaments
Collateral Ligaments

A number of ligaments on either side of, and serving as a radius of movement of, a joint having a hingelike movement. They occur at the elbow, knee, wrist, metacarpo- and metatarsophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphalangeal joints of the hands and feet. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Joints
Joints

Zygapophyseal Joint
Zygapophyseal Joint

The joint that occurs between facets of the interior and superior articular processes of adjacent vertebra.

Joint Capsule
Joint Capsule

The sac enclosing a joint. It is composed of an outer fibrous articular capsule and an inner SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE.

Synovial Membrane
Synovial Membrane

The inner membrane of a joint capsule surrounding a freely movable joint. It is loosely attached to the external fibrous capsule and secretes SYNOVIAL FLUID.

Acromioclavicular Joint
Acromioclavicular Joint

The gliding joint formed by the outer extremity of the CLAVICLE and the inner margin of the acromion process of the SCAPULA.

Atlanto-Axial Joint
Atlanto-Axial Joint

The joint involving the atlas and axis bones.

Atlanto-Occipital Joint
Atlanto-Occipital Joint

Hand Joints
Hand Joints

The articulations extending from the WRIST distally to the FINGERS. These include the WRIST JOINT; CARPAL JOINTS; METACARPOPHALANGEAL JOINT; and FINGER JOINT.

Finger Joint
Finger Joint

The articulation between the head of one phalanx and the base of the one distal to it, in each finger.

Wrist Joint
Wrist Joint

The joint that is formed by the distal end of the RADIUS, the articular disc of the distal radioulnar joint, and the proximal row of CARPAL BONES; (SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; triquetral bone).

Metacarpophalangeal Joint
Metacarpophalangeal Joint

The articulation between a metacarpal bone and a phalanx.

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