Atlas de Anatomia do Corpo Humano - Central

The atlas of human body

Skull Base
Skull Base

The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.

Cranial Fossa, Posterior
Cranial Fossa, Posterior

The infratentorial compartment that contains the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM. It is formed by the posterior third of the superior surface of the body of the sphenoid (SPHENOID BONE), by the occipital, the petrous, and mastoid portions of the TEMPORAL BONE, and the posterior inferior angle of the PARIETAL BONE.

Cranial Fossa, Anterior
Cranial Fossa, Anterior

The compartment containing the inferior part and anterior extremities of the frontal lobes (FRONTAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. It is formed mainly by orbital parts of the FRONTAL BONE and the lesser wings of the SPHENOID BONE.

Cranial Fossa, Middle
Cranial Fossa, Middle

The compartment containing the anterior extremities and half the inferior surface of the temporal lobes (TEMPORAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. Lying posterior and inferior to the anterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, ANTERIOR), it is formed by part of the TEMPORAL BONE and SPHENOID BONE. It is separated from the posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) by crests formed by the superior borders of the petrous parts of the temporal bones.

Thorax
Thorax

The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Intervertebral Disk
Intervertebral Disk

Bone and Bones
Bone and Bones

A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.

Spine
Spine

The spinal or vertebral column.

Coccyx
Coccyx

Spinal Canal
Spinal Canal

Epidural Space
Epidural Space

Space between the dura mater and the walls of the vertebral canal.

Sacrum
Sacrum

Cervical Vertebrae
Cervical Vertebrae

Axis
Axis

Atlas
Atlas

Lumbar Vertebrae
Lumbar Vertebrae

Thoracic Vertebrae
Thoracic Vertebrae

Epiphyses
Epiphyses

The head of a long bone that is separated from the shaft by the epiphyseal plate until bone growth stops. At that time, the plate disappears and the head and shaft are united.

Diaphyses
Diaphyses

The shaft of long bones.

Skull
Skull

The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.

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