Atlas de Anatomia do Corpo Humano - Central

The atlas of human body

Skull Base
Skull Base

The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.

Cranial Fossa, Posterior
Cranial Fossa, Posterior

The infratentorial compartment that contains the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM. It is formed by the posterior third of the superior surface of the body of the sphenoid (SPHENOID BONE), by the occipital, the petrous, and mastoid portions of the TEMPORAL BONE, and the posterior inferior angle of the PARIETAL BONE.

Cranial Fossa, Anterior
Cranial Fossa, Anterior

The compartment containing the inferior part and anterior extremities of the frontal lobes (FRONTAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. It is formed mainly by orbital parts of the FRONTAL BONE and the lesser wings of the SPHENOID BONE.

Cranial Fossa, Middle
Cranial Fossa, Middle

The compartment containing the anterior extremities and half the inferior surface of the temporal lobes (TEMPORAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. Lying posterior and inferior to the anterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, ANTERIOR), it is formed by part of the TEMPORAL BONE and SPHENOID BONE. It is separated from the posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) by crests formed by the superior borders of the petrous parts of the temporal bones.

Skull
Skull

The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.

Temporal Bone
Temporal Bone

Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts

Petrous Bone
Petrous Bone

The dense rock-like part of temporal bone that contains the INNER EAR. Petrous bone is located at the base of the skull. Sometimes it is combined with the MASTOID PROCESS and called petromastoid part of temporal bone.

Facial Bones
Facial Bones

The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)

Turbinates
Turbinates

The scroll-like bony plates with curved margins on the lateral wall of the nasal cavity.

Jaw
Jaw

Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.

Mandible
Mandible

The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.

Mandibular Condyle
Mandibular Condyle

The posterior process on the ramus of the mandible composed of two parts Temporomandibular Joint;

Alveolar Process
Alveolar Process

The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.

Tooth Socket
Tooth Socket

A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.

Dental Arch
Dental Arch

Maxilla
Maxilla

Palate, Hard
Palate, Hard

The anteriorly located rigid section of the PALATE.

Zygoma
Zygoma

Orbit
Orbit

Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.

Nasal Bone
Nasal Bone

Either of two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.

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