Atlas de Anatomia do Corpo Humano - Central

The atlas of human body

Skull Base
Skull Base

The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.

Cranial Fossa, Posterior
Cranial Fossa, Posterior

The infratentorial compartment that contains the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM. It is formed by the posterior third of the superior surface of the body of the sphenoid (SPHENOID BONE), by the occipital, the petrous, and mastoid portions of the TEMPORAL BONE, and the posterior inferior angle of the PARIETAL BONE.

Cranial Fossa, Anterior
Cranial Fossa, Anterior

The compartment containing the inferior part and anterior extremities of the frontal lobes (FRONTAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. It is formed mainly by orbital parts of the FRONTAL BONE and the lesser wings of the SPHENOID BONE.

Cranial Fossa, Middle
Cranial Fossa, Middle

The compartment containing the anterior extremities and half the inferior surface of the temporal lobes (TEMPORAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. Lying posterior and inferior to the anterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, ANTERIOR), it is formed by part of the TEMPORAL BONE and SPHENOID BONE. It is separated from the posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) by crests formed by the superior borders of the petrous parts of the temporal bones.

Pelvic Floor
Pelvic Floor

Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.

Thorax
Thorax

The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Cartilage
Cartilage

A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types

Elastic Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage

A type of CARTILAGE whose matrix contains ELASTIC FIBERS and elastic lamellae, in addition to the normal components of HYALINE CARTILAGE matrix. Elastic cartilage is found in the EXTERNAL EAR; EUSTACHIAN TUBE; EPIGLOTTIS; and LARYNX.

Ear Cartilage
Ear Cartilage

Cartilage of the EAR AURICLE and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL.

Laryngeal Cartilages
Laryngeal Cartilages

The nine cartilages of the larynx, including the cricoid, thyroid and epiglottic, and two each of arytenoid, corniculate and cuneiform.

Epiglottis
Epiglottis

Thin leaf-shaped cartilage, covered with mucous membrane, at the root of the tongue, which folds back over the entrance to the larynx, covering it, during the act of swallowing.

Arytenoid Cartilage
Arytenoid Cartilage

One of a pair of small pyramidal cartilages that articulate with the lamina of the cricoid cartilage. The corresponding vocal ligament and several muscles are attached to it.

Cricoid Cartilage
Cricoid Cartilage

The small thick cartilage that forms the lower and posterior parts of the laryngeal wall.

Thyroid Cartilage
Thyroid Cartilage

The largest cartilage of the larynx consisting of two laminae fusing anteriorly at an acute angle in the midline of the neck. The point of fusion forms a subcutaneous projection known as the Adam's apple.

Fibrocartilage
Fibrocartilage

A type of CARTILAGE whose matrix contains large bundles of COLLAGEN TYPE I. Fibrocartilage is typically found in the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK; PUBIC SYMPHYSIS; TIBIAL MENISCI; and articular disks in synovial JOINTS. (From Ross et. al., Histology, 3rd ed., p132,136)

Intervertebral Disk
Intervertebral Disk

Menisci, Tibial
Menisci, Tibial

The interarticular fibrocartilages of the superior surface of the tibia.

Hyaline Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage

A type of CARTILAGE characterized by a homogenous amorphous matrix containing predominately TYPE II COLLAGEN and ground substance. Hyaline cartilage is found in ARTICULAR CARTILAGE; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; and the NASAL SEPTUM.

Cartilage, Articular
Cartilage, Articular

Nasal Septum
Nasal Septum

The partition separating the two nasal cavities in the midplane, composed of cartilaginous, membranous and bony parts.

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