Atlas de Anatomia do Corpo Humano - Central

The atlas of human body

Broad Ligament
Broad Ligament

A broad fold of peritoneum that extends from the side of the uterus to the wall of the pelvis.

Round Ligament
Round Ligament

A fibromuscular band that attaches to the UTERUS and then passes along the BROAD LIGAMENT, out through the INGUINAL RING, and into the labium majus.

Myometrium
Myometrium

The smooth muscle coat of the uterus, which forms the main mass of the organ.

Genitalia
Genitalia

The external and internal organs related to reproduction.

Genitalia, Female
Genitalia, Female

The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Adnexa Uteri
Adnexa Uteri

Appendages of the UTERUS which include the FALLOPIAN TUBES, the OVARY, and the supporting ligaments of the uterus (BROAD LIGAMENT; ROUND LIGAMENT).

Ovary
Ovary

The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts

Ovarian Follicle
Ovarian Follicle

An OOCYTE-containing structure in the cortex of the OVARY. The oocyte is enclosed by a layer of GRANULOSA CELLS providing a nourishing microenvironment (FOLLICULAR FLUID). The number and size of follicles vary depending on the age and reproductive state of the female. The growing follicles are divided into five stages

Granulosa Cells
Granulosa Cells

Supporting cells for the developing female gamete in the OVARY. They are derived from the coelomic epithelial cells of the gonadal ridge. Granulosa cells form a single layer around the OOCYTE in the primordial ovarian follicle and advance to form a multilayered cumulus oophorus surrounding the OVUM in the Graafian follicle. The major functions of granulosa cells include the production of steroids and LH receptors (RECEPTORS, LH).

Corpus Luteum
Corpus Luteum

The yellow body derived from the ruptured OVARIAN FOLLICLE after OVULATION. The process of corpus luteum formation, LUTEINIZATION, is regulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE.

Luteal Cells
Luteal Cells

PROGESTERONE-producing cells in the CORPUS LUTEUM. The large luteal cells derive from the GRANULOSA CELLS. The small luteal cells derive from the THECA CELLS.

Uterus
Uterus

The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Endometrium
Endometrium

The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.

Cervix Uteri
Cervix Uteri

The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.

Vagina
Vagina

The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Hymen
Hymen

Vulva
Vulva

The external genitalia of the female. It includes the CLITORIS, the labia, the vestibule, and its glands.

Bartholin's Glands
Bartholin's Glands

Mucus-secreting glands situated on the posterior and lateral aspect of the vestibule of the vagina.

Genitalia, Male
Genitalia, Male

The male reproductive organs. They are divided into the external organs (PENIS; SCROTUM;and URETHRA) and the internal organs (TESTIS; EPIDIDYMIS; VAS DEFERENS; SEMINAL VESICLES; EJACULATORY DUCTS; PROSTATE; and BULBOURETHRAL GLANDS).

Bulbourethral Glands
Bulbourethral Glands

Glands situated on each side of the prostate that secrete a fluid component of the seminal fluid into the urethra.

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