Atlas de Anatomia do Corpo Humano - Central

The atlas of human body

Ear
Ear

The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts

Ear Cartilage
Ear Cartilage

Cartilage of the EAR AURICLE and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL.

Stapedius
Stapedius

A tiny muscle that arises from the posterior wall of the TYMPANIC CAVITY of MIDDLE EAR with its tendon inserted onto the neck of the STAPES. Stapedius pulls the stapes posteriorly and controls its movement.

Tensor Tympani
Tensor Tympani

A short muscle that arises from the pharyngotympanic tube (EUSTACHIAN TUBE) and inserts into the handle of the MALLEUS. This muscle pulls the handle medially thus controlling the tension and movement of TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.

Glomus Tympanicum
Glomus Tympanicum

A highly vascular ovoid body of chemoreceptive tissue lying adjacent to the TYMPANIC CAVITY. It is derived from NEURAL CREST tissue and is considered part of the diffuse neuroendocrine system. It is the site of a rare neoplasm called a GLOMUS TYMPANICUM TUMOR.

Ear, External
Ear, External

The outer part of the hearing system of the body. It includes the shell-like EAR AURICLE which collects sound, and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL, the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE, and the EXTERNAL EAR CARTILAGES.

Ear Canal
Ear Canal

The narrow passage way that conducts the sound collected by the EAR AURICLE to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE. Cerumen;

Ear Auricle
Ear Auricle

The shell-like structure projects like a little wing (pinna) from the side of the head. Ear auricles collect sound from the environment.

Tympanic Membrane
Tympanic Membrane

An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers

Ear, Middle
Ear, Middle

The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.

Ear Ossicles
Ear Ossicles

A mobile chain of three small bones (INCUS; MALLEUS; STAPES) in the TYMPANIC CAVITY between the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and the oval window on the wall of INNER EAR. Sound waves are converted to vibration by the tympanic membrane then transmitted via these ear ossicles to the inner ear. Stapes Surgery;

Stapes
Stapes

One of the three ossicles of the middle ear. It transmits sound vibrations from the INCUS to the internal ear (Ear, Internal see LABYRINTH).

Incus
Incus

One of three ossicles of the middle ear. It conducts sound vibrations from the MALLEUS to the STAPES.

Malleus
Malleus

The largest of the auditory ossicles, and the one attached to the membrana tympani (TYMPANIC MEMBRANE). Its club-shaped head articulates with the INCUS.

Eustachian Tube
Eustachian Tube

A narrow passageway that connects the upper part of the throat to the TYMPANIC CAVITY.

Ear, Inner
Ear, Inner

The essential part of the hearing organ consists of two labyrinthine compartments

Cochlea
Cochlea

The part of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is concerned with hearing. It forms the anterior part of the labyrinth, as a snail-like structure that is situated almost horizontally anterior to the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH.

Round Window, Ear
Round Window, Ear

Fenestra of the cochlea, an opening in the basal wall between the MIDDLE EAR and the INNER EAR, leading to the cochlea. It is closed by a secondary tympanic membrane.

Cochlear Duct
Cochlear Duct

A spiral tube that is firmly suspended in the bony shell-shaped part of the cochlea. This ENDOLYMPH-filled cochlear duct begins at the vestibule and makes 2.5 turns around a core of spongy bone (the modiolus) thus dividing the PERILYMPH-filled spiral canal into two channels, the SCALA VESTIBULI and the SCALA TYMPANI.

Tectorial Membrane
Tectorial Membrane

A membrane, attached to the bony SPIRAL LAMINA, overlying and coupling with the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI in the inner ear. It is a glycoprotein-rich keratin-like layer containing fibrils embedded in a dense amorphous substance.

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