Atlas de Anatomia do Corpo Humano - Central

The atlas of human body

Intestine, Large
Intestine, Large

A segment of the LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the CECUM; the COLON; and the RECTUM.

Anal Canal
Anal Canal

The terminal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, beginning from the ampulla of the RECTUM and ending at the anus.

Cecum
Cecum

The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.

Appendix
Appendix

A worm-like blind tube extension from the CECUM.

Colon
Colon

The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.

Colon, Sigmoid
Colon, Sigmoid

A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.

Colon, Ascending
Colon, Ascending

The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the TRANSVERSE COLON. It passes cephalad from the cecum to the caudal surface of the right lobe of the LIVER where it bends sharply to the left, forming the right colic flexure.

Colon, Descending
Colon, Descending

The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between TRANSVERSE COLON and the SIGMOID COLON.

Colon, Transverse
Colon, Transverse

The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between ASCENDING COLON and DESCENDING COLON. It passes from the RIGHT COLIC FLEXURE across the ABDOMEN, then turns sharply at the left colonic flexure into the descending colon.

Rectum
Rectum

The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.

Ileum
Ileum

The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.

Meckel Diverticulum
Meckel Diverticulum

A congenital abnormality characterized by the outpouching or sac formation in the ILEUM. It is a remnant of the embryonic YOLK SAC in which the VITELLINE DUCT failed to close.

Jejunum
Jejunum

The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.

Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
Lower Gastrointestinal Tract

The segment of GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the small intestine below the DUODENUM, and the LARGE INTESTINE.

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